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For the past six months, I’ve been interviewing dozens of companies that practice open innovation. Specifically, in this case, meaning that they’re willing to work with independent inventors to develop new products. Among other topics, I wanted to understand their perspective on intellectual property. Were new product idea submissions required to be patented? How much did patents matter to them? About 30 experts across 17 industries weighed in.
The short answer is, no two answers were the same. For some, patents were of great significance. For others, they weren’t. One big takeaway? Product developers who want to take advantage of open innovation to bring their product ideas to market must learn what’s important to the companies they want to invent for and about their policies in general. That’s really step one.
With that spirit in mind, I recently had the pleasure of interviewing Lawrence Cruz, Chief Patent Counsel at Conair Corporation. Conair is a $2 billion dollar 60-year-old privately-held company that dominates the market for hair grooming appliances. It is a leader in the other fields it sells products in, which includes massage apparatuses and travel accessories. Notably, it also owns Cuisinart, the consumer cooking appliances brand, as well as Waring, which markets its cooking appliances to commercial kitchens.
For such a large and powerful company, Cruz was remarkably easy to get ahold of, even downright friendly. He started his career as a patent examiner at the United States Patent & Trademark Office in 1987 while attending law school in the evening. Before landing at Conair nearly 18 years ago, he was in-house counsel at FMC Corporation, a large multinational, publicly-traded company, as well as at U.S. Surgical Corporation (which later became Covidien), worked at two intellectual property boutique patent firms, and consulted for a medical startup.
In a phone interview, he was effusive about his role, which he described as broad. He primarily oversees matters related to intellectual property and anti-counterfeiting efforts; his work overlaps with other legal, business, and product development functions.
Cruz described Conair’s policy towards working with independent inventors as informal and explained that it had been largely shaped by him. (It is worth noting that Cruz is an inventor himself.) The company sometimes receives more than 100 unsolicited cold calls from inventors in a year, occasionally resulting in a business arrangement such as a license. 

“I receive all their calls and try to be as patient as I can, in a way that makes the inventor feel welcome and comfortable and at the same time keeps it professional,” Cruz said. “As a company, we're thankful that people give us a chance to consider their ideas. We treat everyone with a lot of respect, so that we have a good reputation and we're trustworthy as a business partner.”
There are no strict requirements to submit a product idea. Instead, Cruz encourages inventors to send him “something that will initially convey the product quickly to a team of people that includes marketing, sales, and management. I tell them, ‘Focus on the gist of the idea, the part that you think might be appealing.’”
As a policy, he does not sign non-disclosure agreements (NDAs) right off the bat. Instead, he prefers that inventors submit only what they are comfortable submitting. If he has specific questions or needs more details, he will discuss signing an NDA.
On the question of patents, Cruz told me, “In the event that you have not yet filed an application, it's okay to show the idea to us, but if we do decide we really like the product and we want to do business with you, you're encouraged to file an application at some point soon, because the whole idea is that we're paying you for your current or future patent rights.”
He continued: “Sometimes people bare their souls to me on the phone and say, ‘I don't have the money to be filing patents unless I know I have a customer.’ I can't give them advice. I tell them very clearly, ‘I'm not your attorney and I'm not giving you legal advice. You should consult your own attorney. After you talk to your attorney, I’m telling you that we don't require you to file patents before you show it to us. That's your decision.’”
A core philosophy of Conair is to treat people right. Cruz fully embraces this ethos in his role as Chief Patent Counsel.
“That means, to me, when someone calls with an idea, I treat them as important as the next person. Everyone’s important and everyone’s idea is a good one. I think that’s the way you need to do business in general,” he said.
To be honest, this interview surprised me. The perspective Cruz revealed is not what most inventors would assume, including myself.
Most of us feel that reaching out to such a large company will be extremely difficult. We envision having to get through gatekeeper after gatekeeper to get to the right person. And then there are our doubts. Why would such a large and powerful company give us the time of day? The fact that Cruz is so open and honest about Conair’s open innovation policy speaks volumes.
In fact, it’s extremely refreshing that a company of this size takes cold calls, patiently explains their policy, and genuinely wants to see product ideas from the outside.
Sometimes, you just have to pick up the phone. That’s how I reached Cruz. Out of the blue, I called Conair’s corporate number and asked for him by name. And sure enough, he picked up.
Large and powerful companies like Conair embrace open innovation because it benefits them. A call from an inventor could result in their next big hit. That’s why they keep their door to new, innovative ideas open.
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Rarely, during the entire industrial era, technology will have taken as disturbing contours as in the past decade. If, in 2011, the spirit of freedom still seemed to float on the Internet while social networks largely triggered the Arab Spring, the beginning of the decade also saw many personalities calling for the reduction of collaboration between the big platforms and the US military system. These voices will remain marginal until June 5, 2013, when the Guardian publishes the first article in what will become the Snowden affair: the defection of a National Security Agency (NSA) analyst, and his revelation of a planetary scandal. The world will be amazed to see how the NSA spied not only on millions of foreign nationals, but also those from allied countries, as well as American actors.
.Some years later, it will be the scandals linked to Cambridge Analytica (the extent of which we continue to discover) which demonstrated the fragility of democracies in the face of digital bias. And in 2019, the decade ends with the revelation of details on the dictatorial nature of the Chinese Internet: Social Rating , National Firewall , widespread espionage, one of the consequences of which will be the internment of millions of Uyghurs with "deviant opinions" , according to the very expression used by the central government. And these are only a few symptomatic events of the most visible drifts of the decade.
Technology, therefore, more than ever, would guide the nature of the world. And it must be admitted that the 2010s expressed this orientation in a way radically opposed to that of the peaceful and slightly libertarian world that the founding fathers of the Internet had imagined. They promoted the Internet to counter the military powers they considered too centralized and homogeneous.
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. Government strategies: mass surveillance and control
The hypothesis of a reversal of the dystopian curve remains unlikely in the immediate future : Chinese technologies, more ambiguous than any other by their lack of transparency and their possibility of citizen control, are spreading widely speed. This, just as well through the huge Silk Road project (the One Belt , One Road , or OBOR strategy), more flexible technological standards than those in force in the Western world, or even through the place of Alibaba market, whose distribution power is confirmed every day. Across the Atlantic, California's ecosystem of innovation and technology now seems to trust the Pentagon more than the Trump administration - which in itself is a good way to sum up the state collapse of the debate on the subject of technological freedoms.
. "The End of technological history", in the Fukuyamian sense, can it be definitively concluded in a totalitarian posture? If we are not there, the fact remains that the affairs of the NSA, more than the Chinese social rating , bring us back to this assertion of Thucydides: " every man [or organization] is destined to go as far 'at the end of his power ". As this power is potentially very high, particular care should be taken. In this regard, the reading of the book Mémoires vives by Edward Snowden is chilling as the book shows how little the American institutional counter-powers have little effect vis-à-vis the Orwelian will of the NSA (note that the The NSA's annual budget is $ 47 billion - that of French national defense being € 35.9 billion in the 2019 PLF - mainly invested in technological themes).To complete this, it will be recalled that one of the largest contracts in the history of information technology was awarded by the Pentagon to Microsoft (to which it awards a contract of 10 billion dollars ). Given the size of this order, many analysts point out that it probably aims at the development of new mass intelligence technologies.
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. Social benefits still too invisible
On the field of the social impact of innovation, we still do not see well the other side of the Schumpeterian valley which, after a phase of descent and destructive innovation, would generate mass social externalities. If the technological revolution has allowed a small number to enrich themselves immensely, it ultimately does not create mass qualitative jobs, nor has it demonstrated its ability to solve the major challenges of our planet - environment , health and education - although in these respects the games are far from over.
Today, it is by making this observation that many coders, data scientists and artificial intelligence experts have gone from techno philes to techno phobes (i.e. they no longer see in startups, or in the interconnection of humanity, some progress). Some even go so far as to work only on the creation of devices that would allow us to isolate and defend us from technology, rather than bringing us closer to it. It would be a mistake to believe that this principle of anti-technological pre-insurgency would be limited to a small elite: from Hong Kong demonstrators to employees of Google, via those of Facebook and without omitting the platform workers, all are considering or have even initiated a form of open fight against technology, a fight which would soon become inevitable if this new decade were to confirm the dystopian sense of information technology.
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. Plan B
. The hypothesis of another future remains on the table, however; it is even so obvious that it is discouraging not to see Europe making it a central political theme. If its representatives are quick to assert their attachment to European humanism, they are too often unable to formulate what this can mean for 21st century Europe. Thus, the disenchantment that Europe inspires was also born from its inability to propose a political project that was inspiring and likely to unite European citizens.
. The digital revolution represents an unparalleled opportunity to create a different Europe, where technologies would be used for and by citizens and would help address the major challenges of the century - social and in particular environmental. A Europe also where institutions and companies would not abuse the potential of technologies but would develop them in the spirit of respect for a common good. This could only happen through a daring articulation between regulation and public institutions (largely to rethink) on the one hand, and innovators on the other.
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. Europe facing its limits
For Europe, this pas de deux has been particularly difficult to execute: the absence of a real "federal" budget integrating military and research issues has considerably limited the possibilities for long-term investment. At the same time, the RGPD appears, over time, to be limited in terms of its capacities to allow citizens to reclaim their data (on this subject, see the study by François Godement for the Montaigne Institute, Personal data: how to battle ). Above all, it turns out to be an obstacle course for small and medium-sized businesses with weak legal capacity.Yet it is in unlocking the potential of innovators that an important key to our future lies; a release that is all the more complex to manage because it should take place in a framework that avoids the shortcomings observed in other regions of the world.
Europe has also become a prisoner of the financial compliance rules which it imposes on the Member States and on the financial system. However, in periods of accelerating history, investment is a necessity not to get out of it - what Americans and Chinese have understood. As Emmanuel Macron recently expressed , we can wonder if our financial orthodoxy does not ultimately have the ultimate consequence of participating in the financing of American deficits. The operating cost of French public institutions is also a barrier that must necessarily be overcome.
So will the 2020 decade be dystopian or utopian when it comes to technology? For the moment, it is difficult to bet on a utopian reversal, but as the late Michel Serres observed, " the characteristic of history is to be more made of rupture than of continuity ".
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February 14 is Valentine's Day (it is also the Vulva-day), the feast of lovers, but today the boys / girls know nothing about love, they are left alone (with pornography) and in ignorance, for this they do not know how to deal sentimental and sexual problems, the consequence is that in adolescents depression, loneliness, insecurities, violence / racism / sexism / bullying increase.

Nobody talks about love to children, so I propose that Valentine's Day become an opportunity to make a lesson about love (invite parents) in all schools (universities, libraries, associations, etc.). In my opinion, children need to know what it means to love, in order to be able to freely make autonomous and responsible decisions on how to live their love and sexual life.

Unfortunately, today we make kids understand that their pleasure must be in the first place and the achievement of this affects their life, but how can you love if you think of yourself first? Instead it is very important to explain to teenagers that, when we talk about a couple's relationship, partner's happiness is the essential element for one's own, that love is happiness not suffering, it gives security and increases our enthusiasm in any activity that we do, that being in love does not mean losing freedom, because love always implies the autonomy of the partners. Love must be mutual, selfless, sincere. Trust is crucial in love, once conquered and verified it will lead to open up more, sincerely and spontaneously, up to the intimacy that everyone wants.

Today the word "communication" is often used, but its meaning is rarely explained, which instead must be done in the simplest possible way: to communicate in love = to share. This can be achieved with words, with tenderness and also with the body, sex is also communication. When, in a couple, they both give to each other and put their body in common, available to the partner, for his / her pleasure, it is possible to say: "We are communicating". This can also happen without words, because love is transmitted through your body and you want to make your partner happy even sexually. It would be very easy to communicate and be truly intimate, but this can only be achieved by teaching boys to love.

For some, however, it is difficult to fall in love because they are looking for the "ideal" partner, the soul mate, the "right" person, which can hide their insecurities: but perfection cannot exist and then no one is suitable, the fault lies with others , it will never be admitted that the error can come from one's own complexes, ignorances, selfishness, obsessions.

Today love brings so many disappointments because you are looking for a partner not to love him / her, but to satisfy your needs and not only sexual ones: for fear of loneliness, for economic convenience, for experiencing, for gratitude, for having a child, out of envy of someone already paired, etc., but others cannot be used and need cannot be love. Thinking about money and material rewards without love can only lead to loneliness, even when you are not physically alone (loneliness is mainly a state of mind), because money does not make you accept for what you are and certain things cannot buy: if you want to be loved you have to love, not pay.

The most important phrase to say to those you love is "I want to make you happy": it must be explained that loving is not altruism, because you are really better, it means being able to always be yourself, which allows you to understand who accepts us or not and if accepted we will also be reciprocated, respected, considered, loved.

It is also important to explain to the boys that if love "ends", it is important to accept the end of the relationship without thinking about "taking revenge": love must not turn into hatred and violence against the ex. We must continue to believe in love and remain available to fall in love again, only then can another love relationship begin.

At any age you can love, be loved and make love. Love (not power, money, malice, dishonesty, hate) gives joy of life, gives meaning to our life.

If there are interested teachers / educators / parents, you can take a lesson on love (it is also primary prevention of violence) immediately at no cost, find the complete video (which you can edit / improve) on my site.
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Much confusion and confusion reign, all over Europe, over the ideological divisions between the different political currents. This leads to the fragmentation of parties, government instability, and the frustration of people who are increasingly enraged by the powerlessness of those governments confronted with issues that go beyond them.

It is time to understand that, today, five main concerns share the interests of voters: economic enrichment, the need for security, the demand for social justice, the defense of liberties, and ecological issues.

In fact, all over Europe, among these more or less contradictory issues, two stand out and attract more and more people: ecology and security. This outlines the contours of a new dominant ideology which, like all of its predecessors, can produce the best and the worst. An ideology that has not yet been embodied anywhere by a dominant party, but which, in my opinion, will soon gain more and more support: the green order.

The more or less justified fears faced with the various forms of crime, the risks of terrorism, questioning of identity, and epidemics, will lead, if the rulers are reasonable, to the establishment of many more means to defense, justice, police, prisons, health prevention; and efforts in education and urban planning. Likewise, fears in the face of increasingly obvious climate risks will lead to a radical change in the conception of public and private action, a significant increase in the price of carbon, much more rigorous regulations in terms of waste management, eco-design, energy savings, development of positive energies, that is to say that do not emit greenhouse gases.

But if we wait too long for a democratic response to be possible, we will see a completely different attitude on these two subjects. Much more expeditious. And much less democratic. We will then not only want to bring order against crime, but also in the face of fantasies of great replacement, and a conquering communitarianism. We will close the borders, we will expel, we will even withdraw nationality from some, and we will use the means of order to make accept the environmental protection measures which, taken too late, will have become both ecologically vital and socially intolerable.

Such a program, even if it is carried out democratically, would ignore the three other dimensions of a harmonious society: economic growth, social justice and the protection of public and private freedoms.

However, these other demands are also more and more glaring, in particular in France, where unemployment is persistent and where the police, like the taxation, are more and more under the fire of the critics.

Will we then see, faced with a coalition defending the urgency of a green order, forming another claiming the urgency of a just freedom?

Without a doubt. Even if the speeches will never be so decided; and if everyone claims to want a society that is both economically efficient, ecologically sustainable, socially just and protective of public and private freedoms. In reality, the next priority will be that of a green order. More precisely, (and even if ecology is, for the moment, mainly classified on the left), the demand for a green order will become the dominant discourse of European rights and extremes. Especially since such a speech will allow them to bury the issues of social justice and public liberties skillfully.

There is still time to demystify such caricatures. European nations will need, especially in the face of threats to their businesses from the United States and Asia, not to be reduced to a compartmentalized set of authoritarian and ecological states. We need to build more balanced and therefore more complex political projects. Their theory and practice remain to be built. Quickly.
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Most people nowadays find it difficult to understand the destructive impact of psychiatry on communities around the world.
For too many people, the lesson is learned only after a psychiatrist has destroyed a part of their life.
The tragedy could be the death of their child, due to too widespread use of a stimulating drug, prescribed for an invented psychiatric disorder called Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Or it may be the loss of a loved one, at the hands of an armed teenager who has been prescribed a psychiatric drug that induces violence or by someone who has been part of classes subjected to education on death or anger control (com 'was in the case of the Columbine school, in the 1999 massacre). Perhaps it is the death of an elderly mother or father from an electroshock treatment or an antipsychotic drug prescribed by a nursing home. This may be a child labeled as mentally ill at the beginning of school, who has been prescribed a psychotropic drug more potent than cocaine and who is addictive, who later becomes an inveterate addict because he did not know what the difference was between a drug from road and those that had been prescribed to him.
At CCHR we continually work to inform you about the truth about psychiatry, providing you with information that psychiatrists would prefer that you didn't have. For example, in 2008, Dr. Nada Stotland, president of the American Psychiatric Association, recognized that the CCHR "influences our legislatures, our Food and Drug Administrations, our schools and our media as the driving force behind the unjustified 'black label' warnings about the potentially fatal effects of psychiatric drugs. Note that in Dr. Stotland's opinion, warning children, teenagers and young people who may become suicidal while taking antidepressants, a fact that drug regulatory agencies around the world have determined to be vital information, is "unjustified".
Only by providing all the facts about the risks of psychiatric treatment can we have chances of reducing the number of victims who unfortunately discover the truth following a personal tragedy.

A Complete Lack of Science
One of the most important things to know about psychiatry is the complete lack of science supporting its diagnosis system or treatments. For example, take the psychiatric "billing bible", the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, or DSM-IV. Not one of the 374 disorders described in the text has ever been proven by observable pathologies or objective tests. In fact, a committee of psychiatrists arbitrarily defined the symptoms of each mental disorder and therefore literally voted for its suitability for inclusion in the DSM. With this system, if a new definition of mental disorder is not voted by the majority, it is not included in the DSM. The system is subjective and ambiguous; its terminology is poorly defined or completely undefined.
Despite these important and fundamental flaws, this system is widely accepted as a parameter of validity, both for judging human behavior and for determining treatments in courts, prisons and schools. In many countries, the DSM is the reference for billing mental health services to insurance companies and is used for a fake "mental health screening".
By "medicalising" everyday problems, psychiatrists fraudulently labeled millions of people as mentally ill, and persuaded or forced them to adopt psychotropic drugs prescribed as routine in their lives. As a result, the consumption of psychotropic drugs has increased to 100 million people now taking these drugs worldwide, 20 million of whom are children.

The CCHR is dedicated to denouncing the myths and scientific deceptions with which psychiatry has surrounded its diagnostic system and treatments. We work with doctors and other professionals who recognize their duty to ensure that government directives and regulations provide the most energetic warnings about psychiatric treatment.
Our work is in alignment with the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which in part declares:
• "No individual may be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment,"
• "Everyone is equal before the law and has the right, without discrimination, to fair protection by the law,"
is
• "Parents have the right of priority in choosing the kind of education to be given to their children."
Psychiatrists violate these articles daily.
With the false diagnoses of psychiatrists, degrading labels, mandatory health treatments for easy kidnapping, brutal and depersonalizing treatments carried out all over the world, thousands of people, without needing it, fall into their coercive system every day. It is a system that exemplifies the abuse of human rights and denies individuals their innate rights.
Each year, thousands of psychiatric victims or their families contact the CCHR to report incidents of psychiatric damage. And it's a procession of mistreatment: sexual abuse, brutal treatment and institutional conditions, hospital fraud, undue imprisonment, patient deaths and even murders.
Many parents are denied the right to choose the type of education that should be given to their children, are forced to dispense psychiatric drugs that alter the mind or forced to subject their children to mandatory "screening" for mental disorders, the existence of which there is no scientific evidence.

However, thanks to the work of the CCHR:
• A law has been enacted in the United States that prohibits the use of electroshock and psychosurgery on children.
• In Piedmont, a law has been passed which prohibits the use of electric shocks on children, the elderly and pregnant women.
• Laws have been passed on the need for conscious consent to treatment, thus reducing the number of people subjected to electric shock.
Deep sleep treatment, a lethal combination of drugs and electric shock, was banned in Australia where he had been responsible for at least 48 deaths.
• A law has been enacted in the United States that prohibits children from being forced to take psychiatric drugs as a requirement for them to be educated.
• In many countries, federal regulations and laws have been enacted against the use of physical constraint methods.
• Laws have been enforced that require psychiatric sexual abuse and rape of patients to be treated as crimes.
• Legal precedents have been established that ensure that patients abused by psychiatrists have the right to go to a civil court and be compensated for the harmful psychiatric treatment to which they have been subjected.
• Thousands of citizens have been rescued from illegal detention or unlawful detention and patients have regained their civil and legal rights.

Mental health can be restored, but only through:
• Effective mental healing delivered in a calm atmosphere, characterized by tolerance, safety, protection and respect for people's rights.
• Restoring personal strength, skill, competence, trust, stability, responsibility and spiritual well-being in individuals.
• Using trained and ethical doctors, primarily dedicated to the well-being of their patients and family members, not to personal gain.

This description bears no resemblance to the mental treatment performed by psychiatry nowadays. Psychiatry does not produce mental health, but rather damage to mental health and millions of ruined lives.
In CCHR we work to help create an environment suitable for mental healing, based on human dignity and dignity. As a result of our efforts, millions of people have escaped the devastation of psychiatric treatment.
You are welcome to our website and we hope that you take advantage of this opportunity to better secure the future of your loved ones, friends and yourself.

Sincerely,
Jan Eastgate
President

Citizens Commission on
Human Rights International

Jan Eastgate has been investigating psychiatric abuse for over thirty years. Politicians, lawyers, psychologists and civil rights officers have described her as a "tireless fighter" and a person of "enormous determination and courage who has done an exceptional job". A native of Australia, Ms. Eastgate helped get a Royal Commission (the highest level of government inquiry) to take care of "deep sleep", a lethal psychiatric practice that includes a heavy drug and electroshock cocktail . The government has banned this practice and indemnified hundreds of patients. Based in Los Angeles, in the CCHR headquarters for more than fifteen years, Ms. Eastgate has personally conducted investigations and inspections of psychiatric structures and conditions in the Czech Republic, Denmark, Greece, Germany, New Zealand, South Africa, Russia and in the United States.
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I do not believe that it is possible to find, in the history of mankind, a time when humanity as a whole has had the spectacle of the simultaneous fragility of the two most powerful and antagonistic systems of government of their time.

And yet, it is what the United States and China are showing us today.

In the first instance, the United States is showing a spectacle of a democracy that is being ridiculed by pathetic leaders: a president who has never left his real career, reality TV, and continues to show the world the most vulgar image that a president of this great country has ever given. An opposition party that is bogged down and unable to use simple vote-counting technology properly, and whose only memorable action is the senseless act of the Speaker of the House tearing apart, in the President’s presence and in front of the cameras of the world, the State of the Union speech that the President had just delivered to Congress. The United States is also a country where inequalities have never been so wide, debt so high, and the environment and international commitment so lacking in credibility and so little taken seriously. Can that type of democracy be a model for the rest of the world?

In the second instance, China is showing us a dictatorship entangled in its lies, allowing the emergence of an epidemic, which is partly caused by the lack of minimal hygiene practices in public places; and that China is incapable of controlling the spread of this epidemic (a pandemic — an ongoing epidemic on two or more continents) because of the secrecy it imposed on the first doctors confronted with the disease. A dictatorship that compensates for its shortcomings by building hospitals at loaded march and frenetically utilizing surveillance technology. A country unable to feed its population without massive imports, a virtually unique obsession with diplomacy, and where the slightest deviation from the norm is punished by being arbitrarily consigned to oblivion. Can this type of dictatorship serve as a model for the rest of the world?

A world where the two main powers are so fragile and weak becomes extremely dangerous. Even more so when the social policies of these main powers are discredited in this manner.

Geopolitics and ideology, like nature, abhor a vacuum. And vertigo, combined with the emptiness, can tip the planet toward catastrophe. For if these superpowers do not restore their harmony and trust as soon as possible, if they are not once again respectable and respected, new powers and ideologies will emerge in their place.

In a world in disarray, these new powers can become global entities, which could fascinate and dominate the planet with their efficiencies; these entities would provide both the ideology and the tools of control, no longer on behalf of governments, but for their own account. And each would be nothing more than a disloyal mercenary of nomadic and sprawling entities.

In a world where conditions are worse, the dominant ideology will be a religious totalitarianism, also nomadic (and the world is not short of it today), which will try to provide people with what other systems seem incapable of providing: empathy, ethics, and hope.

In a better world, however, other powers could put forward other models that are alternatives to the two shaky giants: in particular, Europe, with its long experience with the difficulties of democracy, sense of compromise, social institutions, and conception of human rights could seduce the rest of the world. Especially if Europe puts in place a project that takes into consideration the interests of future generations, based on a major programme that includes infrastructure investment in the respective fields of the environment, education, health, social justice and gender equity; and with governance that is even more democratic than it is today.

Perhaps Europe’s time has come. It is necessary for Europe, if it wants to keep its rank. It is necessary for the world, if it wants to avoid the vertigo of emptiness.
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The emergence of nanotechnology applied to medicine has revolutionized the treatment of human cancer. As in the case of classic drugs for the treatment of cancer, epigenetic drugs have evolved in terms of their specificity and efficiency, especially because of the possibility of using more effective transport and delivery systems. The use of nanoparticles (NPs) in oncology management offers promising advantages in terms of the efficacy of cancer treatments, but it is still unclear how these NPs may be affecting the epigenome such that safe routine use is ensured. In this work, we summarize the importance of the epigenetic alterations identified in human cancer, which have led to the appearance of biomarkers or epigenetic drugs in precision medicine, and we describe the transport and release systems of the epigenetic drugs that have been developed to date.
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Three days after the U.K.’s formal withdrawal from the European Union, the two sides are squaring off in the “chest beating” phase of negotiations.
Just three days after their formal parting, Britain and the European Union were already at loggerheads Monday over a future trade deal, setting the stage for months of bluster and bickering over how to refashion their economic and political ties.
With Britain’s formal exit from the bloc on Friday night, many Britons had hoped to finally put the Brexit nightmare behind them.
But judging by the statements from both sides of the English Channel on Monday, that hope seems likely to be unfulfilled.
In remarks in Brussels, Europe’s chief negotiator, Michel Barnier, adopted a steely tone, insisting that Britain must commit to preventing unfair competition if it wants access to the market of 450 million Europeans without tariffs and quotas.

Prime Minister Boris Johnson responded from London by threatening to walk away from talks if the European Union tries to tie Britain too closely to its rules as a price for a free-trade agreement. Mr. Johnson also called for an end to “hysterical” fears about American food entering Britain — a reminder to Europeans that he hopes to strike a post-Brexit trade deal with the United States, too.
Analysts had expected both sides to adopt tough opening positions on trade, but after decades of membership, Britain is becoming an economic competitor to the European Union. If the combative exchanges on Monday are any indication, those discussions will be hard fought and acrimonious.
“This is the early phase, and the chest-beating phase of the negotiation,” said Sam Lowe, senior research fellow at the Centre for European Reform, a research institute in London. “In the next couple of months we will see both sides standing firm and appealing to domestic audiences.”
On Monday there were few surprises for trade experts, Mr. Lowe said, adding that serious progress in talks is unlikely before the fall. For an agreement to be struck this year, he added, “the U.K. will have to move a lot and the E.U. will have to move a little.”

The idea is to reach not only a free-trade agreement but also deals on other issues involving security and foreign policy. But time is short because Britain wants to wrap things up by the end of the year, a deadline seen as breathtakingly optimistic by many trade experts.
Mr. Johnson’s speech to diplomats, business leaders and others in the baroque surroundings of the Old Royal Naval College in Greenwich, south London, was predictably more colorful and political than Mr. Barnier’s technocratic news conference in Brussels.
Britain, Mr. Johnson said, was “ready to take off its Clark Kent spectacles” and emerge as the Superman of global free trade.
He pointedly avoided mention of “Brexit,” aware of widespread public exhaustion with the subject — even going so far as to describe it as a term from history. But his uncompromising tone over trade underscored the scale of the challenge ahead.
In Brussels, senior officials warned that a failure to agree to a new relationship again threatened a “cliff-edge” departure, a sudden change in trading rules that could damage businesses on both sides of the Channel, but particularly in Britain.
A central demand on the European side is an accord that would give Europe’s fishing fleet access to extensive British territorial waters. Though of limited economic significance, fishing is symbolically and emotionally important both in Britain and in continental Europe.
But a critical element of any new trade agreement will be the degree to which Britain continues to abide by many of the bloc’s rules in such areas as labor rights, environmental standards and antitrust rules.

If the British request is “for access to 450 million consumers, zero tariffs, zero quotas, that won’t happen for nothing and without conditions,” Mr. Barnier told reporters in Brussels. “We’re in favor of free trade but we’re not going to be naïve.”
He added that Britain had agreed in a political declaration last year to create a “level playing field.”
The European Union argues that this is vital to prevent Britain, a relatively large competitor economy on its doorstep, from dropping labor and environmental standards to bring down the price of goods and services. The British protest that such conditions were not imposed on Canada in exchange for its free trade agreement with the Europeans.

“There is no need for a free-trade agreement to involve accepting E.U. rules on competition policy, subsidies, social protection, the environment or anything similar any more than the E.U. should be obliged to accept U.K. rules,” Mr. Johnson said.
Though Mr. Johnson correctly noted that Britain observes higher standards in many of these areas than European Union nations, officials in Brussels want those matters agreed to in writing along with arbitration procedures in case of disputes. That could amount to London agreeing to observe some European rules — even if they change — a step the British will certainly resist.
For now, Mr. Johnson is hanging tough, arguing on Monday that rather than accept alignment with European rules, he would prefer a trading relationship similar to that of Australia, which has no free trade agreement with the European Union.

British business wants a deal badly, however, and the pound sterling fell by about 1 percent on the currency markets after Mr. Johnson spoke.
Laying out the enormous scale of the task ahead, senior officials at the European Commission, the bloc’s executive, said there would be parallel negotiations with the British on 12 separate topics, culminating in an overarching deal.
Each of the remaining 27 member states will have veto rights over the new agreement with the British. While the bloc kept a largely united front during the Brexit talks to date, that could begin to fragment, as different countries will be affected by different elements of the trade deal.
Even if some sort of agreement is ultimately agreed to, as many expect, Mr. Lowe cautioned that importers and exporters used to being members of the same economic market will have to make new customs declarations and comply with other additional rules. A free trade deal was only of limited value, he said.
“At best it removes tariffs and quotas,” he said. “It would do very little to remove other frictions in trade,” Mr. Lowe added.
5 1 Votes
Community Voting
IHAN International Human Account Number
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Direct proposal to your intelligence: the seed of an idea, a speck of star dust to be left along the path of human history.
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.Our generation has destroyed, defaced, polluted, plundered, enslaved, exploited.
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This is what our age inherits from other creatures, from Creation, from history.
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During the French revolution, despite wars and technical limitations, they took on the task of providing humanity with a tool for a better life for every human being, in every part of the world, which was identical and which had the same value for all : the meter. (Before then the richest or the most powerful bought with a long meter and sold with the short one) ... And they gave humanity an instrument of justice, equality, dignity, defense.
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Today in full digital revolution we are ready to develop the IHAN project, International Human Account Number.
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A project that takes into account diversity, vastness, immensity, wealth on every level, human experience, in its concreteness in flesh-and-bones and thought-and-emotions, to equip humanity with an instrument that be a yardstick to measure justice, equality, law, duty, and new concepts of citizenship related to personal consumption of natural resources, (the burden of each on Planet Earth), who lives in Europe, Oceania, Asia , in Africa, in America.
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An IT-encyclopedic project of the existential experience of the human being, of every human being, in relation to himself, to others, to the environment that surrounds him, to the physical and psychological functions that compose him, determine and allow him to Act.
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.A tool that expresses itself through the scriptures, structures and phonemes of all languages, which tells the story of everyone, giving everyone equal dignity; to improve coexistence, growth and development.
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.IHAN is a conceptual container, the premise for further mental processes and the overcoming of models that after being effective for thousands of years have defined themselves as definitive and immutable but that a simple logical projection is enough to make one falter. also for the idea of God? It will be the same also for the idea of God!)
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On the basis of this possible encyclopedic research, among scientists, scholars and artists, a criterion is established for attributing to each their own IHAN.
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So that we can align in an intelligible language the fragments of the experience of the prophets, saints and genes that are part of each one's experience, to help us express and arouse the immensity that resides in the human being always and everywhere with the variation of the play of light and shadow that characterized the different cultures and experiences of existence.
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.Ihan can also be described as a thickening resin,
. which gives depth to human experience, which provides it with current and future tools and mental models, for this magnificent representation of existence, over time, in the sense, in the values, in the conceptions of life.
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The ihan can be expressed and represented with a frequency, its specific vibration, which relates to the fundamental frequencies and vibrations of creation and creation, which is told at the formal level of mythical narratives and the sacred in human experience, where celebrates the marriage between the human and the ideas for its representation in reality and metaphysics.
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.Ihan is an instrument that allows humanity to flourish, as has already happened in certain phases and moments, where experience, religion, politics, science and the arts had endowed their contemporaneity with a model of self-esteem and development, which allowed man to know himself, producing harmonious complexes of coexistence, inner and social, with himself, others and creation.
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.IHAN is a psychological virus.
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.Ihan is a mind map: a psychological compass; an engine of meaning for the progression of meanings, a further prism for the detailed definition of categories, logics, taken for granted.
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.How does it work? what can it do?
.It would be a barrier to manipulation that the greater power acts against the weaker, in the ever-induced process of self-election and self-legitimization, and would be an instrument of opposition to the imposed official truth.
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It is an instrument of intelligence for intelligence, the self-powered vortex that from the beginning of the mental experience generates ideas and is generated from them.
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What weight could han have within the dynamics of racial, religious, social, economic discrimination? Could racial laws have been written? Would it have contributed to preventing the fall of states and nations along certain inclined planes that horrified the world in the 20th century?
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.It is time for us to return to planting seeds for the future earthly paradise, so that the generations to come will find a livable and friendly world, so that the generations to come do not have as our only legacy a desert of material and moral ruins.
4.5 2 Votes
Community Voting
  • "Although Jews represent less than one percent of the population, half of the racist acts committed in France are committed against Jews." — French Member of Parliament Meyer Habib.
  • Anti-Semitism is advancing throughout the continent and often has a Middle Eastern cast. Yet, the authorities also talk only about right-wing anti-Semitism.
  • Leftist anti-Semitism is present all over Europe. Its followers, as in France, do their best to hide and protect Middle Eastern anti-Semitism.
  • The demographic transformation taking place in France is also happening throughout Western Europe, and the growing submission to Islam is being silently accepted by the ruling authorities almost everywhere.
5 1 Votes
Community Voting
  • Why should it be anti-Muslim or "Islamophobic" to write about the effects of jihad or the conservative Muslim treatment of unbelievers? The facts are well established within international bodies, NGOs, national commissions, and verifiable journalistic reports. Reformist Muslims themselves are highly critical of the discriminatory laws and behaviours in countries from which they or their forebearers originated.
  • Indeed, it is precisely Muslims of a reformist and liberal bent who are most vocal about radical restrictions on the values that other Muslims claim are universal.
  • Let us be clear. No doubt, there will probably always be people, call them the real "Islamophobes", who will use problems within Muslim states or communities to try to tar Islam or Muslims as a whole. But these and other issues still need to be faced as authentic human rights concerns.
  • A particularly widespread problem for Christians in Muslim countries is the ban on Christian proselytization.... While Christian and secular countries rightly permit Muslims to preach, convert, and instruct non-Muslims, 25 Muslim states forbid proselytization and have laws saying that Muslims who convert to another faith may be put to death as apostates.
  • Liberalized versions of Islam have in the past few decades been suppressed by fundamentalist takeovers of entire societies. It is therefore hard to believe that countries such as Iran, Saudi Arabia, or Turkey will return quickly to the moderation they had developed in the previous century. If there is hope for good relations between non-Muslims and Muslims, it must rest, as has already begun, with the Muslims in liberal democracies.... The British organization Muslims Against Antisemitism, is a shining example; in America, the American Islamic Forum for Democracy is another. They should be treasured and helped.
0 0 Votes
Community Voting
As of January 21, 2020, Chinese health authorities have confirmed the presence of 139 infections, 136 of which occurred in the city of Wuhan and three, also in China, outside of this, even if the affected subjects had previously visited the city. Abroad, four cases were found: two in Thailand, one in Japan and one in South Korea, all in individuals who had been to Wuhan.
A few days ago, British researchers from Imperial College London, based on cases found outside China, hypothesized, using a mathematical model, that the number of subjects affected by this new disease in the city of Wuhan should be higher to that officially described and would add up to 1723. Even without wanting to go into the merits of this numerical difference of cases, it is evident that at the moment the epidemiological situation is rather fluid and definitive conclusions cannot yet be drawn. There are, however, some certain elements on which it is possible to reason: first of all the cause of this disease is an isolated and well characterized coronavirus, similar to that of SARS, but in some respects different from this, which has been called 2019-nCoV .
This is not the only difference with SARS, in fact the number of deaths (two) so far recorded for this new disease certainly indicates a lower severity than SARS, which had a lethality of 10%.
It is also reasonable to assume, given that the first cases were all reported in subjects who had attended the Wuhan fish market, where there were also live animals, that there may be an animal tank (although not yet highlighted) in analogy to what happens for SARS and for another disease, always caused by a coronavirus, observed in the Middle East, the MERS. In fact, in both of these diseases, the reservoir is represented by bats that can infect other intermediate animals such as in the case of MERS, the camels that in turn infect humans.
Initially, the Chinese health authorities had speculated that this new coronavirus, contrary to that of SARS, was transmitted only from the animal to man and not from man to man. More recently, on the basis of the progressively increasing number of cases of illness, some of which arose in subjects who had not had contact with the Wuhan fish market, it has been hypothesized that an interhuman transmission may also exist. The news that this interhuman transmission has been confirmed thus opening up more complex epidemiological scenarios, even if up to now this transmission mode has probably played a marginal role in supporting the epidemic spread of the disease compared to exposure to carriers of the virus.
From a clinical point of view, this new disease, similarly to what occurs for SARS and MERS, affects the respiratory system causing fever, cough, rhinitis, pneumonia which can lead, in rare cases, to death from respiratory failure. There is currently no specific therapy for this viral disease, as for SARS and MERS.
In relation to the possible existence of an animal reservoir, the World Health Organization (WHO) recommends, in the affected areas, to avoid unprotected contact with live animals in live markets and close contacts with those who present respiratory symptoms. The Chinese health authorities, also strong in the experience with the previous SARS epidemic, promptly put in place preventive measures for the spread of the disease which also include the quarantine of people with respiratory symptoms.
Internationally, even though the European infectious disease control agency ECDC considers the risk of spreading this disease low in Europe, the United States has started monitoring passengers from Wuhan at San Francisco, Los Angeles and JFK airports. from New York.
As always happens in these cases, we will have to wait for the next few weeks and above all the publication of virological and clinical research in the international literature before having a complete scenario on this new disease.
0 0 Votes
Community Voting
The current pandemic is no surprise; it has long been known to be possible. And many books have long predicted that such a catastrophe is imminent.

In particular, it was known that China was not taking the necessary precautions after the last episode of this kind, SARS, which in 2003 claimed less than a thousand victims and cost less than 0.5 per thousand of the global GDP. We knew that any future crisis would be infinitely more serious: because China is infinitely more important in the world economy than it was fifteen years ago; because the global nomadism of things and people is infinitely more developed; because the culture of secrecy that surrounds such events in dictatorships has developed with the new technologies; and finally because international institutions, including the WHO, are increasingly subservient to the most powerful governments in the world.

Many therefore knew that a new pandemic would have more serious consequences than the previous one. And yet here we are. The current pandemic is already more severe than the previous one and no one can yet predict how far it will go.

If it really explodes, it would be a gigantic cataclysm all over the world. It is possible, but unlikely. And, to limit the consequences, measures would have to be taken when the time comes, the human, social, economic, ecological and political consequences of which could be terrifying.

In the hypothesis, the most likely one even today, that the current pandemic will quickly be stopped, the consequences will still be much more serious than last time. First on the economic front, through the slowdown of the Chinese economy and the closing of the world to products and visitors from Asia. And even more so in the political arena: the Chinese regime can lose its credibility there, just as the Soviet regime lost its credibility with the Chernobyl disaster, demonstrating, once again, that, contrary to the current consensus, a dictatorship cannot become the world’s superpower in the long term.

Once this crisis has been averted, whatever the consequences, it is likely that we will move on, without learning the lessons. Without implementing, on a global scale, the major actions needed to protect ourselves from the next, necessarily even more important ones. At least the following four actions:

1. Organize much better, in China and elsewhere, the hygiene of wholesale markets and the food chain, on the model of the best markets in the world, including Rungis in France.

2. Plan much better, and publicize the beginnings of a new pandemic much earlier, even if the local government refuses to do so. It is possible: the current pandemic could have been announced much earlier, even though China refused to provide the necessary information, as a Canadian company, Blue Dot, has just demonstrated, which, with public information, had announced the coronavirus epidemic ten days before the Chinese government decided to announce it. This kind of observatory, based on the massive and open use of artificial intelligence technologies, must be set up worldwide as of now.

3. Develop networks of research laboratories, with much greater resources and cooperation between teams, to prepare to move much faster in the search for antidotes.

4. Set up major public health programs, which will also make it possible to reduce the ecological impact of economic activity.

Nothing is more urgent than to think and act globally. Nothing is more difficult, however, when three-quarters of humanity lacks the essentials and when everyone is caught up in emergencies, present and future, whether minor or dramatic.

We can at least hope that such a pandemic, fraught with threats, will be the trigger.
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A CORONAVIRUS cure could be developed from repurposed anti-HIV drugs, which one epidemiologist argued might be the "light at the end of the tunnel" infected patients are hoping for.

The deadly novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) strain has killed at least 170 people, with more than 7,700 confirmed infections in China and worldwide. As Chinese health officials scramble to prevent the outbreak of a global epidemic, researchers are looking at readily available drugs to combat the pathogen.
One such cure could come in the form of lopinavir and ritonavir – two anti-HIV drugs used to target specific enzymes in the body.
Dr Ernest Kuchar from the Warsaw Medical University in Poland said the drug could offer a breakthrough in the coronavirus epidemic.
He told the Polish Press Agency (PAP): “Antiviral drugs used in HIV infections are a light at the end of the tunnel.”
However, the epidemiologist said clinical trials involving coronavirus patients will first need to assess their effectiveness.
The anti-HIV drugs target specific enzymes in the body that both HIV and coronaviruses use to replicate themselves.
The deadly viral infections target the enzyme protease which they use to slash proteins in the process of replicating.
According to a January 24 report published in The Lancet by Chinese scientists, lopinavir and ritonavir were previously used to treat MERS infections in Saudi Arabia.
MERS or Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS-CoV) is another infectious disease associated with the coronavirus family.
Because the novel coronavirus pathogen has only been identified in December last year, there has not been enough time to devise a treatment targeting this specific virus.
The report reads: “As 2019-nCoV is an emerging virus, an effective treatment has not been developed for disease resulting from this virus.
“Since the combination of lopinavir and ritonavir was already available in the designated hospital, a randomised controlled trial has been initiated quickly to assess the efficacy and safety of combined use of lopinavir and ritonavir in patients hospitalised with 2019-nCoV infection.”
The novel coronavirus first emerged in China’s Wuhan City, Hubei Province, in December 2019.
The virus was initially tracked down to a busy seafood and livestock market, which would have been the perfect hotspot for a viral infection to spread.
The coronavirus family is zoonotic, meaning it can spread from animals to humans.
On January 29, the World Health Organization (WHO) said the virus has spread far out beyond China’s borders to 15 countries.
Coronavirus infections have been found in France, Germany, Japan, the US, Australia, Singapore, Malaysia, Cambodia, Sri Lanka, the UAE, South Korea, Vietnam, Thailand, Canada and Nepal.
As of Thursday, January 30, the coronavirus has killed at least 1170 people and infected more than 7,700.
Dr Kuchar said: “The mortality rate in previous coronavirus outbreaks was terrifyingly high but it ended with several hundred deaths around the world.”
He added: “Coronaviruses have been known for years. They trigger 10 to 20 percent of all colds.”
Between 2002 and 2003, Severe acute respiratory syndrome-related coronavirus (SARS-CoV) infected nearly 8,000 people around the globe.
Dr Kuchar said: “The disease had a higher mortality rate: 50 percent ended up in intensive care units and 10 percent died.”
The epidemic killed more than 700 people and is believed to have been spread by civet cats in Asia.
Then in 2012, the MERS epidemic erupted when a new strain of coronavirus attacked humans.
Symptoms of novel coronavirus infections include fever, dry cough and breathing difficulties.
More advanced infections can develop into pneumonia, kidney failure and death.
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Community Voting
Today, the dominant ideology is everywhere narcissistic and impatient. Many are only interested in them and want everything right away. Social networks push for this narcissism and this immediacy. The ruthless rules of the market also push everyone to think only of themselves, and to try to survive, as a worker, consumer, shareholder, or company, in the moment; obsessed with the next salary and the next stock price. The procedures of democracy also glorify individual freedom, and subject the leaders to the demanding dictatorship of opinion polls, and to the caudine forks of all kinds of elections and referendums. All of this pushes for populism, the closing of borders. And at worst.

Because, at the same time, there is not a day without an event or a crisis reminding us of the urgency of long-term decisions, even temporarily unpopular, and having an impact on the size of the problems, it is always global:
  • Controlling greenhouse gas emissions can only be global. Because they obviously cannot be contained within borders.
  • The elimination of waste polluting the seas requires action on all the oceans and in all the rivers which discharge it at the mouths. The sea has no borders either.
  • The reduction of planetary inequalities supposes transfers of wealth between several countries and continents, and fiscal measures which can only be taken on a global scale, if they are to be effective.
  • The new coronavirus epidemic could not be contained by an illusory closing of the borders. To be controlled, it requires coordinated actions in all the affected countries.
  • The protection of endangered plant and animal species requires action in all the countries where they are found and in all the countries which consume them.
  • The protection of workers is only possible if a worldwide ban on the import of products made by child labor or by overexploited workers is imposed.
  • Mastering the impact of new technologies, from artificial intelligence to biogenetics, can only be credible if it is global. If not, someone will always do what it takes to create clones, or new and terrifying weapons, using these great promises of progress.
Such actions, necessarily global like many others, also assume to be long-term, with huge projects, and gigantic funding. They can therefore only be carried out on behalf of future generations, who will be the main beneficiaries. We will quickly see that the current generations also have everything to gain, that they have an interest in being selfless.

It is in this recognition of the importance of what we call "selfless altruism", against the poison of fleeting narcissism, that the main ideological issue lies today.

Building a “positive global and democratic” economy is urgent. We are far from it, because each of these qualifiers seem to contradict the very nature of what the economy is. And yet it is a necessity every day. And more: it will also require a positive world government.

Because, so that such decisions do not remain dead letter, it will be necessary to have means of sanction, that is to say judges, police officers, prisons, financings. And therefore, a parliament. And therefore, one day, a democratic and positive world government. Utopia? Yes. It will exist in the XXII century. Let's start designing it.

Positive Planet, and in particular the Institute of Positive Economy, work there very modestly and very actively. In particular, the Institute launched the first States General on the planet. To bring out twenty major proposals to be implemented. It is more than a bottle in the sea. It is a hope.
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This method was born from the need to change direction in the prevention and therapy of tumors, in consideration of the continuous increase in the incidence of neoplasms, which testifies and certifies the total inadequacy and insufficiency of current preventive measures.
The real therapeutic possibilities stop at 29% 5-year survival according to the data of the Medical British Journal (BMJ.COM), associating the best therapies available. After 5 years there is a progressive decrease in the percentage of survival.
These results certify the need to radically change direction in cancer therapy.
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Those who believe Scripture contains a literal fulfillment of the biblical covenants for the Jewish people and the Land of Israel recognize rebuilding the Temple is part of this promised future. In Jeremiah’s presentation of the New Covenant for Israel, we read:

“Behold, days are coming,’ declares the LORD, ‘when I will fulfill the good word which I have spoken concerning the house of Israel and the house of Judah. In those days and at that time I will cause a righteous Branch of David to spring forth; and He shall execute justice and righteousness on the earth. In those days Judah shall be saved, and Jerusalem shall dwell in safety; and this is the name by which she shall be called: the LORD is our righteousness.’ For thus says the LORD, ‘David shall never lack a man to sit on the throne of the house of Israel; and the Levitical priests shall never lack a man before Me to offer burnt offerings, to burn grain offerings, and to prepare sacrifices continually.”
- Jeremiah 33:14–18, NASB

This passage speaks about the Messianic Age when all Israel will be saved and restored to the Land of Israel. At that time, a righteous descendant of David, the Messiah, will sit on the throne in Jerusalem, and the Temple will again stand complete with its Levitical priesthood. If this is to be a future reality, is there any sign of preparation for a third Temple in Israel today?
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The End of the world is said to follow the construction of a third Jewish Holy Temple in Jerusalem, which according to some, will be a prophetic sign of the biblical apocalypse.

Biblical conspiracy theories allege the construction of a Third Holy Temple in Jerusalem will herald the end of the world. Jewish eschatology concerning the end times claims the Holy Temple will rise from the ground before prophesied days of the apocalypse. Many evangelists and Christian doomsday preachers believe the Third Temple will appear before the return of Jesus Christ.
Discussions of the end times approaching were sparked in November 2018 in response to a letter penned by the Jewish assembly of rabbis known as the Sanhedrin.
Jerusalem at the time was in the grips of a mayoral election and the Sanhedrin urged both running candidates, Ofer Berkovich and Moshe Lion, to rebuild the temple.
The first two Holy Temples of Jerusalem were constructed on the city’s Temple Mount centuries ago but were destroyed by the Babylonians and the Romans respectively.
The Holy Temple plays a crucial role in Jewish tradition and is a central player in prophecies and tales concerning the apocalypse.
Christian pastor and doomsday preacher Paul Begley has claimed the signs of the end times are coming to fruition.
The Indiana-based preacher said: “The rabbis of the Sanhedrin court are calling both mayor candidates to include in their plans for this city the rebuilding of the third temple.
“Folks, this is as close to Biblical prophecy – I don’t know what else to say.
“That’s how close it’s getting and if you’re a Christian, you’re saying: ‘Wow, the Messiah is coming’
“There’s no doubt about it. Jesus of Nazareth, the saviour of the world, is going to return.”
Pastor Begley enthusiastically claimed we are now living “in the last days”.

According to Irvin Baxter of the EndTime Ministries, the third Holy Temple will be rebuilt in the last seven years of the world’s existence.
The doomsday preacher said this will happen in the first three years of the end times and will be the “most visible sign” of the end times finally arriving.
Mr Baxter said: “As that cornerstone is laid on the Temple Mount, every network on Earth will be televising this incredible event.”
And Rick Brinegar and Dave Robbins of the Endtime Ministries said: “The Bible prophesies, in many places, that a Third Temple will be built in the near future.
"In Matthew 24:1-2, Jesus tells His disciples that the Second Temple would be utterly destroyed.
"From Matthew 24:3 throughout the rest of the chapter, Jesus sat on the Mount of Olives overlooking the Second Temple, while He prophesied of events that would occur near the time of His Second Coming."
In the 2017 book World Empire and the Return of Jesus Christ, author Simon Downing wrote: “Dispensationalism also accommodates into its teaching the belief that the Jews must rebuild their Temple.
“The building of the ‘Third Temple’ is therefore at the heart of Dispensationalism; even though it recognises that the Beast will desecrate it before the coming of Christ and the Millennium.
“Already many Third Temple vessels and artefacts are being prepared for the bloody sacrifices of the animals that will occur in that Temple.”
Claims of biblical prophecy regarding the Third Temple are also linked to Jeremiah 33.
The scripture reads: “Behold, days are coming,’ declares the LORD, ‘when I will fulfil the good word which I have spoken concerning the house of Israel and the house of Judah.
“In those days and at that time I will cause a righteous Branch of David to spring forth; and He shall execute justice and righteousness on the earth.
“In those days Judah shall be saved, and Jerusalem shall dwell in safety; and this is the name by which she shall be called: the LORD is our righteousness.’
“For thus says the LORD, ‘David shall never lack a man to sit on the throne of the house of Israel; and the Levitical priests shall never lack a man before Me to offer burnt offerings, to burn grain offerings, and to prepare sacrifices continually.”
The bible also teaches of the Third Temple returning to Israel in Daniel 9:72.
The scripture reads: “And he will make a firm covenant with the many for one week, but in the middle of the week he will put a stop to sacrifice and grain offering; and on the wing of abominations will come one who makes desolate, even until a complete destruction, one that is decreed, is poured out on the one who makes desolate.”
Amos, an Old Testament prophet, is also believed to have predicted the rise of a Third Temple in the future.

Amos 9:11 reads: “In that day I will restore David’s fallen shelter—I will repair its broken walls and restore its ruins—and will rebuild it as it used to be.”
And Isaiah 2:2-3 reads: “In the last days the mountain of the Lord’s temple will be established as the highest of the mountains; it will be exalted above the hills, and all nations will stream to it.
“Many peoples will come and say, ’Come, let us go up to the mountain of the Lord, to the temple of the God of Jacob.
"He will teach us his ways, so that we may walk in his paths.’ The law will go out from Zion, the word of the Lord from Jerusalem.”
Dr David R Reagan of the Lamb and Lion Ministries also said: “The Apostle Paul mentions it when he declares that the ‘man of lawlessness’ will profane the temple by entering it and declaring himself to be God – 2 Thessalonians 2:3-4.
"The Third Temple is also mentioned in the book of Revelation when John is told to measure it – a symbolic way of telling him to assess its spiritual condition – Revelation 11:1-2.”
Fears of the world coming to an end were also sparked when a snake was seen slithering out of the Western Wall.
Conspiracists interpreted the snake’s arrival as the third of three unusual signs foretelling the apocalypse – the other two being the birth of a red heifer cow in Israel and fish returning to the Dead Sea.
Pastor Begley said: “Give your life to Jesus Christ of Nazareth. He is coming soon.
“I’ll be coming back with more. May there be peace in Jerusalem.”
Sheila Mitchell who saw Pastor Begley’s YouTube announcement said: “Let’s get ready our Lord and saviour is coming back, amen.”
And Stephanie Mytrosevich said: “I can't even begin to express my longing for Christ's return."
In his 2017 book, When The Third Temple is Built, author Nicklas Arthur wrote: “What a relief to know that even though there is no Rapture escape we may only super such time as all the saints of history were subject to.
“Some lived and died in relative peace, some suffered deprivations and others were tortured and martyred.
“Most of the prophecy in the book of The Revelation, inclusion the six vials we have reviewed in our chapter six, have been fulfilled in history.
“We are now near the end of the era immediately preceding the Return of Christ for His Millennial Reign.”
There are, however, those who claim the end of the world cannot be predicted from holy scripture.
According to BibleInfo.com, the Bible outright states the date of Jesus’ return is not known.
Matthew 24:36 reads: "But about that day or hour no one knows, not even the angels in heaven, nor the Son, but only the Father.”
Matthew 24:42 later states: “Therefore keep watch, because you do not know on what day your Lord will come.”

Matthew 24:44 also reads: “So you also must be ready, because the Son of Man will come at an hour when you do not expect him.”
And according to the National Catholic Reporter, the Catholic Pontiff Pope Francis believes the world will come to an end in peace and not total destruction.
In 2014, the head of the Catholic Church said: “God is preparing a new dwelling place and a new Earth where justice will abide, and whose blessedness will answer and surpass all the longings for peace which spring up in the human heart.
“This is where the church is heading. More than a place, it is a state of the soul where our deepest aspirations will be fulfilled with abundance.”
The Pope also said humans will come “face-to-face” with God at the end of it all.
5 1 Votes
Community Voting
A genocide took place three quarters of a century ago in Europe. This genocide, that is, this explicit decision to destroy a people, was aimed at the Jews.

Before them, there was the genocide of the American Indians by the Spanish and the English. Then those of several African tribes, by the English, the Belgians, and the Germans. Then that of the Armenians by the Turks. And so many others.

The genocide of the Jews is particular in that it led to the death in Europe of half of a European people, murdered by another European people. What more and more Europeans are doing everything to forget.

We forget that we had nothing to blame them for, except to exist and to be what they are. We forget that anti-Semitism is based on the desire to get rid of a people to whom other monotheistic religions owe both the idea of ​​a single god, the book which tells of the exploits of this god and the city in center of this faith. We forget that we also owe them the invention of the idea of ​​hope, and in particular the idea of ​​progress; Hence the obligation which was made to them to play, despite themselves, the role of banker.

To make people forget that we owe them all, we had to make them disappear. And it was used in Europe, whenever it was necessary to designate a convenient scapegoat for the misfortunes of the world.

We forget that the most recent of these anti-Semitic massacres led to the death of half the Jews, that is to say 6 million people, including a million in the camp of Auschwitz alone. 6 million people, almost all of whom were extremely poor, with no power or influence over the world, contrary to what they were accused of. We forget that they were killed with knives, rifles, machine guns, and by a thousand other means, including the gas chambers, by hundreds of thousands of executioners, mostly German, with Polish auxiliaries, Russian, Hungarian, Belgian, Ukrainian, French, and many others.

We forget that, when it was still possible to save them, nothing was attempted by those who could have done so; nor in 1933 to bring down the Hitler regime, when it was still possible; nor in 1938 to shelter future victims, whom some of the future executioners were still willing to let go; neither in early 1944, when it was possible to destroy, by aerial bombardment, the gas chambers, the existence of which was known; and thus avoid the deaths of the hundreds of thousands of Hungarian, Czech, French Jews who were to be sent there.

And today ? What lessons can be learned? At least six:

1. Anyone placed in certain circumstances can become an executioner. We saw it in the last years of French Algeria and more recently in the former Yugoslavia. And we see it every day in Syria, Iraq and many other countries.

2. Anyone in the same circumstances can become a hero. We saw it, and we see it in the same countries.

3. Culture in no way protects from barbarism: Some of the Nazi leaders, including the most appalling heads of the concentration camps, were very cultured. This was also the case for Khmer Rouge leaders. And other modern tyrants.

4. The signs of the return of anti-Semitism are there: the world economy is sick; globalization and migration are worrying; inequalities are intolerable; and some again need scapegoats.

5. Others that the Jews could become scapegoats and be victims of massacres, more or less explicit. Among them, in China, the Ouigours; in Brazil, the Indians; in Europe, migrants; in the Middle East, the Palestinians. And many others.

6. Finally, a whole different kind of genocide has begun: all of humanity is killing a very large number of living species right now, with the same barbarity and the same cynicism of executioners and the same indifference of almost all other. As if the Nazi death industry was only the most crude form of what is taking place today to destroy many living species.

It is to be hoped that these killers will one day be tried by an international tribunal; it will at least be proof that humanity has survived these massacres to come. Unless, precisely, she is already dead. At Auschwitz.

If this is not to be true, to ensure that humanity still has a future, it would be enough not to forget the genocides of the past. And to use our memory to think about our future.
5 1 Votes
Votazione predefinita campagna
The ability to innovate and creativity have in the past been the main drivers of the Italian economic boom.
In the last decades, however, in many sectors these capacities have decreased reaching an alarming level in Italy.
The lack of innovative capacity is today one of the main causes of the loss of competitiveness by local companies which at the same time inhibits growth potential.
The even more worrying fact is that the pipeline that acts as an incubator for future innovations is, in many companies, desolately empty.
So we cannot expect innovations from these realities in the short term.
The experience accumulated in companies that are in crisis shows that in such extreme situations the portfolio of available shares tends to be very limited.
Often it is a matter of fully conveying efforts towards the search for all those costs that can be cut, minimizing size and business activities in an attempt to find oxygen to survive.
"Right sizing" is the magic word that is pronounced in these cases.
This care, however, rarely makes the future of the company in crisis more rosy, as it rarely generates the resources necessary to invest in real innovations.
The fear of making wrong investments in this moment of crisis often represents the death sentence for the company that leads to the sale, liquidation or, in the worst case, bankruptcy.
What is needed is a radical orientation.
The prerequisite is the ability to start a radical change in the company to adapt to the competitive context.
Old beliefs have to be abandoned, you have to withdraw from certain markets, you have to break encrusted management structures to create new ones and replace managers of the old guard to go to conquer new lands.
It is therefore necessary to start a corporate metamorphosis.
Innovation is an indispensable activity to increase or at least maintain the level of corporate profitability precisely because it allows, for example, not to fall into the commodity trap, thus avoiding to compete only on the price.
Innovation in the form of new business models or new products is the way to compete without distorting market balance or incurring disastrous trade wars.
Innovation can be considered the primary source of competitive advantage when it helps to provide the company with a product, technology or process that is not accessible or available to competitors.
The competitive advantages based on inimitable resources, be they products, services or skills, can become obsolete for example with the change of preferences, fashions, technologies, or government policies.
With regard to profitability, a series of studies underline that in some industries, such as air transport or software, the sources of the competitive advantage deriving from innovation are created and eroded in ever shorter cycles.
The sustainability period of the competitive advantage resulting from innovation is therefore increasingly short.
The promotion and management of innovation are very difficult: the reason for this is given by the very nature of innovation, based on the creation and application of new ideas.
Compared to cost leadership, the sources of innovation are not as easily determinable as those of costs.
Innovation focuses on creativity, collaboration and experimentation, and it is particularly difficult to plan the results.
In addition, aiming to achieve a competitive advantage based on innovation in a given period of time does not imply having the certainty of the effective achievement of greater profitability based on this element.
Since the characteristics of, for example, products / services or processes generated by innovation are not yet known when the resources are assigned to Research & Development (R&D) and there is no pre-established relationship between investments in R&D and the results obtained by 'innovation, it can be said that the productivity of investment in R&D depends primarily on those organizational conditions that can encourage innovation itself.
One of the reasons for the failure to market the benefits of innovation is usually the resistance to change that characterizes every organization.
In fact, innovation gives rise to additional costs to achieve it and to changes capable of upsetting consolidated organizational practices, creates adjustment costs, interferes with the search for internal efficiency, creates insecurity within the organization up to destabilize the positions of power.
Therefore, the greater the stability of the administrative hierarchy, the greater the resistance to innovation.
Despite the reduced innovative capacity of many companies, especially in Italy, and the great difficulties in reaping the fruits of innovation, there is no doubt that when innovation leads to tangible results (for example in terms of products, processes or models of business), is one of the best and most convincing answers that can be given to the question of how to ensure the profitable and sustainable growth of the company.
But in such a dynamic competitive environment as the one we are currently experiencing, what are the managerial methods or tools that can guarantee the long-term survival of our company in addition to innovation?
There is no answer to this question, as there are no magic tools applicable in every company and context, capable of solving all evils.
Rather, it is a matter of understanding how the market is changing and with it the needs of customers, to take advantage of the support that managerial tools can offer to meet the specific needs of your company.
Everyone learns from everyone and only the best combinations lead to success.
All this takes place in a context of continuous changes in customer needs.

The main trends that are registered are the following:
• Higher standard of living;
• Need for self-prevention for old age, born from the belief that the state is no longer able to offer a guarantee in retirement age;
• Fall in disposable income and limited real income growth, with consequent reduction in consumption;
• Greater polarization between rich and poor;
• Reduction of working life in relation to the whole life span;
• Change in the purchasing process and decisions (strategic purchases increase compared to spontaneous ones);
Spending more aware of money;
• Dissemination of the belief that savings are "in";
• Prevalence of the economic purchase of brands over the purchase of economic brands.

However, this increasingly rapid change of paradigms and the growing dynamism must not make companies believe that the future is necessarily negative or that the forecasts are always correct.
Therefore, the future of management concepts remains uncertain.
It is certain, however, that each company is called upon to evaluate for itself the tools at its disposal to prepare as best as possible for the challenges of the future, proactively facing it through innovation.
5 1 Votes
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